The summer capital of State of Jammu and Kashmir situated at an altitude of 5,500 feet, at 1730 meters above the sea level, and is located between 320 17' and 360 58' North and 730 36' and 800 39' East Longitude has a pleasant climate neither too hot nor too cold. It is well connected with rest of country with all the major Airlines like Air India, Jet Airways, Jet-Lite, Spice-jet, Go-Air etc operating flights to Srinagar. Srinagar is spread on both sides of Jhelum River Srinagar thus is also known as the vale of Kashmir. The bird's eye view of the city gives the impression of gem nestling in the midst of lofty mountains, green meadow rivulets and lakes.
In the addition to the Srinagar History, The city was established by the King Pravarasena II in 6th century over 2,000 years ago, named it Parvasenpur and then it becomes a part of a larger empire i.e. the Maurya Empire of the Indian subcontinent. Ashoka, the Maurya emperor was an influenced by Buddhism and thus introduce Buddhism to Kashmir valley and the neighboring region around the city. In the 1st century kushans family strengthens the Buddhist custom. In 6th century vikramaditya and his followers ruled the region and after that it was controlled by Huns - a nomadic family from central Asia.
In the 14th century of History of Srinagar the region was under the control of Muslim rulers and Mughals. It was also the capital throughout the sovereignty of Yusuf Shah Chak, a leader who was trick by Akbar when he unsuccessful to overcome Kashmir by strength. Yusuf Shah Chak relics buried in Bihar in India. Akbar recognized Mughal rule in Srinagar and Kashmir valley.
In 1707, after the death of Aurangzeb the Mughal empire collapse, penetration to the valley from the Pashtun family increased and the power of Srinagar conceded in hands of durranis, who ruled the Kashmir valley for several decades.
In year 1814, a Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh had associated Srinagar and a huge part of the valley in his province and he ruled for continuing three decades.
In 1846 the Treaty of Lahore was signed between the British and Sikh ruler which enable the British to fix Maharaja Gulab Singh as the ruler of the Kashmir valley he rapidly associated the city and region into his kingdom.
Srinagar turns into part of his kingdom, and stay until 1947 as one of the numerous generous states of undivided India. In the year 1947, with the onset of Indian independence and the successive separation of India into India and Pakistan, villagers of the area Poonch began an equipped complaint at the continued rule of the Maharaja on August 17, 1947. While the Pakistan Army increases control of the greater part of Srinagar it was not able to safe Srinagar Airport. This permitted India to air raise the Indian Army all along with all the serious arms and they were clever to detain the city and its environment and pressed the impostor by exact vital causalities on them. In sight of rebellion some poonch family go into the Kashmir valley to imprison it. In a hope of protecting his own self-governing state, the Maharaja Hari Singh decline to agree with moreover India or Pakistan, signed the conventionality in swap for a place of safety, as tribesmen move toward the edge of Srinagar. The accord recognized by India. The government of India right away airdropped Indian crowd to Srinagar and keep away from the tribesmen from attainment Srinagar.
In the in the interim, the topic had been rise to the United Nations, and a stop fire was compulsory under its power, ensuing into convinced parts of Hari Singh's empire leaving out of his hands, which now comprise the Pakistan manager Kashmir state beneath Pakistani management. The city of Srinagar has after that remains directed by India. UNO assured right to self strength of mind to the public of both sides. Although Pakistan conventional it, India has till now dodge this. Also Jawaharlal Nehru, first prime minister of india, gave same assurance to Kashmiris, in the city of Srinagar itself. Till date India has not appreciated this promise. Tourism is the most important section of the city's wealth.
The city of Srinagar is a doorway to some of the for the most part picturesque and good-looking spaces of the Indian subcontinent.The hill station and skiing resort Gulmarg is 50 km from the city. For decades, tourism has been causal particularly to the financial system of the city, but it has been unfavorably exaggerated on description of rebellious actions by sure elements. The region on the outskirts of Srinagar is also well-known for their natural beauty. Also in this area lies the Muzzafarabad Cantonement, which is the main cantonment of the Indian Army in Srinagar District ( the name of the Cantt. is often mystified with Muzzafarabad city which is deliberately positioned in Pakistan Administered Kashmir ).
Srinagar is well identified for its lakes. Dal Lake Srinagar is recognized for its houseboats. Nagin Lake Srinagar is one more famous lake in the city. Just exterior the city is establishing the Shalimar Gardens shaped by Jehangir, the Mughal ruler, in 1619.
Houseboats were introduced unintentionally to Kashmir: member of the Indian Civil Service serving in the plains who vacationed in Kashmir were not allowable to construct lasting homes since of the then Maharaja's doubt of a British turnout in Srinagar. They thus decide to be alive in houseboats. The first such, named conquest, was intended by Mr. M.T. Kenhard in 1888. There are currently about five hundred on the Lake.
Srinagar has some gardens which are part of the numerous such gardens lay by the Mughal emperors across the Indian subcontinent, and which are identified as Mughal gardens. Some of the Attractions of Srinagar like, The Mughal Garden Srinagar situated in Srinagar and its close surrounding area comprises Chasma Shahi (the royal fountains); Pari Mahal Srinagar ( the palace of the fairies ) Nishat Bagh Srinagar ( the garden of spring ) Shalimar Bagh Srinagar and the Nashim Bagh, The Tulip Garden Srinagar .